Sonic Concentration Analyzers
Model 87 Lab Analyzer
Model 87 Lab Analyzer
The Model 87 is a lab adaptation of the Nusonics’ line of Sonic Concentration Monitors (SCM), used in both industry and research for over twenty years. Employing acoustic technology, the Model 87 continuously samples the sound velocity and temperature of a liquid and produces a concentration output based on those measurements.
Features of the Model 87:
- Displays concentration in a variety of units
- Instantaneous Measurement- Faster, easier, and more repeatable than titration
- Up to 0.02% by Weight Accuracy
- No moving parts and virtually no maintenance
- Measure acids, bases, organics, polymers and many others
See the Model 86 for additional information on Sonic Concentration Monitors.
Model 86 Sonic Concentration Monitor
Model 86 Sonic Concentration Monitor
Mesa’s Nusonics Model 86 SCM determines liquid concentration by measuring sound velocity. The sound velocity of any liquid is unique! The relationship between sound velocity, liquid concentration and temperature is different for every liquid. Once the relationship is known, sound velocity can be used to monitor changes in liquid concentration, often with much greater resolution than can be realized with other measuring instruments. It is this precision that makes the Model 86 SCM such a desirable process monitor because it can detect small changes in concentration that could otherwise be missed. Typically the resolution ranges from 0.005 to 0.05 weight percent of the actual concentration.
The Model 86 SCM has been utilized in the production of acids, bases, salt solutions, emulsions, alcohols, food products, and polymers, just to name a few. Currently there are more than 500 applications where the Nusonics concentration monitor can serve your needs.
Best in Binary Liquids
The Model 86 SCM works best in binary liquids or in liquids for which only one ingredient of the concentration is changing. If there are two ingredients varying at the same time and if they both affect the sound velocity, an error may result. Sometimes another sensor can be used to monitor the unwanted variable output of this sensor fed to the Model 86 SCM to compensate for the second ingredient. The Nusonics applications staff can offer assistance in this area.
The patented HSX/T (High Sensitive Sonic Transducer) is a major advance in sensor technology. There are no O-rings or gasket seals to leak because the sensor is welded. The HSX/T sensor is available with optional materials that will permit continuous operation up to 350°C (662°F). A wide range of materials are available for the sensor including 316 stainless steel, Hastelloy B, C, F & G, Alloy 20, Zirconium, Titanium (various grades), Aluminum, Kynar, Polypropylene and others to meet your process requirements.
The HSX/T sensor assembly is a wetted part that can be mounted into the process stream in a variety of configurations. In many applications the HSX/T sensor is mounted to a standard 2” flange and placed directly into the process line or storage tank. Other applications employ a small side stream from the process column or reactor and run this stream through a Sample Chamber (see diagram). For very small lines, the flow- through cell is an excellent choice (see diagram), able to accommodate lines down to 1/2″ in diameter while retaining an internal volume of l45ml. A wide variety of other configurations are available.
Multiplexing of Two HSX/T Sensors
The Model 86 SCM is capable of monitoring up to two sensor assemblies in the multiplexing mode. The Model 86 SCM uses two of its recipes to store both the transducer constants and the process calibration data. The two processes can be identical or completely different. The Model 86 SCM has two modes of operating with multiplexed sensors: manual and automatic.
The HSX/T probe selection is made manually through the Model 86 SCM keypad. The polynomial equation constants, zero and span setting can be different for each of the two sensor assemblies (Figure 4). A different recipe from the Model 86 SCM menu is assigned to each of the two separate sensor assemblies. In this configuration, the Model 86 SCM can only utilize two recipes maximum.
The two analog 4-20 mA outputs of this option track/change with the sensor selection. Output #1 is assigned to concentration and Output #2 is assigned to temperature.
This option allows both manual and automatic switching of the sensor assemblies. The polynomial equation constants, zero and span setting can be different for each of the two sensor assemblies. A different recipe from the Model 86 SCM menu is assigned to each of the two separate sensor assemblies. In this configuration, the Model 86 SCM can only utilize two recipes maximum.
The automatic option allows the sensor assemblies to be toggled back and forth automatically at a user selectable interval. This interval is configurable for rates from once every 15 seconds to once every 5 minutes. With the automatic option the analog 4-20mA via outputs are dedicated to each sensor assembly. Each of the two 4-20 mA analog outputs are dedicated to concentration measurement, one for each sensor. The analog output for the unused sonic sensor remains frozen at the last measured value.
Perhaps the most common use for the Model 86 SCM is to circumvent the need for labor intensive and time consuming laboratory analysis by using the instrument directly in the process line where it will give continuous, real-time readings of concentration. The result is a substantial payback to the user in the form of better control of the process, enhanced efficiency, greater product quality and yield.
In one process, a customer is saving more than one million dollars each year because a Nusonics Sonic Concentration Monitor provides a means for continuous, real-time monitoring of process concentration. It’s an exceptional return on investment where the cost of the concentration monitor is paid back every two days!
RS-232 Communication is a standard feature. All displayed variables (sound velocity, temperature, concentration, etc.) can be read by a computer, using very simple syntax. Calibration constants can be read and overwritten as well. A “host lockout” feature prevents tampering with certain critical calibration constants via computer. Similar code access protects these constants from unauthorized access via keypad.
The multiple RECIPE feature in the Model 86 SCM software is of enormous value when more than one liquid is to be monitored. There are 16 recipes available for as many liquids. The operator simply calls up the PARAMETERS menu and enters the appropriate recipe number. Each recipe is stored in non-volatile memory along with the output span. The desired span is entered via the SETUP menu and this span is stored with each recipe. The recipe feature is especially useful in quality control laboratories when many different liquids must be assayed. The user simply enters the desired recipe number and immerses the transducer in the liquid to be assayed, The concentration is displayed in a matter of seconds.
High/Low and Fault Alarms are standard features of every Model 86 SCM. Each alarm energizes a Form-C relay when activated. The fault alarm activates if excessive bubbles or suspended solids should occur in the process liquid, or if there is a component failure. High/Low alarms are activated when the calculated concentration falls outside the set point range defined by the user and stored in RAM. Alarms are not available in the multiplex configuration.
The Model 86 SCM will be used: 1) When no other instrument has succeeded in measuring the process concentration; 2) When the desired measurement accuracy cannot be achieved with another instrument; and 3) When real-time process monitoring is needed to replace a slow and expensive laboratory procedure. In many cases, the Model 86 SCM sonic concentration monitor can justify its cost very quickly in savings in manual sample gathering and analysis costs.
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